使用多维数组将两个矩阵相加的 C 程序

要理解此示例,您应该具备以下 C 语言编程主题的知识:

两个矩阵相加的程序

#include <stdio.h>
int main() {
  int r, c, a[100][100], b[100][100], sum[100][100], i, j;
  printf("Enter the number of rows (between 1 and 100): ");
  scanf("%d", &r);
  printf("Enter the number of columns (between 1 and 100): ");
  scanf("%d", &c);

  printf("\nEnter elements of 1st matrix:\n");
  for (i = 0; i < r; ++i)
    for (j = 0; j < c; ++j) {
      printf("Enter element a%d%d: ", i + 1, j + 1);
      scanf("%d", &a[i][j]);
    }

  printf("Enter elements of 2nd matrix:\n");
  for (i = 0; i < r; ++i)
    for (j = 0; j < c; ++j) {
      printf("Enter element b%d%d: ", i + 1, j + 1);
      scanf("%d", &b[i][j]);
    }

  // adding two matrices
  for (i = 0; i < r; ++i)
    for (j = 0; j < c; ++j) {
      sum[i][j] = a[i][j] + b[i][j];
    }

  // printing the result
  printf("\nSum of two matrices: \n");
  for (i = 0; i < r; ++i)
    for (j = 0; j < c; ++j) {
      printf("%d   ", sum[i][j]);
      if (j == c - 1) {
        printf("\n\n");
      }
    }

  return 0;
}

输出

Enter the number of rows (between 1 and 100): 2
Enter the number of columns (between 1 and 100): 3

Enter elements of 1st matrix:
Enter element a11: 2
Enter element a12: 3
Enter element a13: 4
Enter element a21: 5
Enter element a22: 2
Enter element a23: 3
Enter elements of 2nd matrix:
Enter element b11: -4
Enter element b12: 5
Enter element b13: 3
Enter element b21: 5
Enter element b22: 6
Enter element b23: 3

Sum of two matrices:
-2   8   7

10   8   6

在这个程序中,要求用户输入行数 r 和列数 c 。然后,要求用户输入两个矩阵的元素。

然后我们将两个矩阵的对应元素相加,并保存在另一个矩阵(二维数组)中。最后,结果打印在屏幕上。